- solomon through a diplomatic marriage (I Kings 3:1; 9:16) and tried to restrain his Edomite protégé Hadad from revenge on Solomon (I Kings 11:14–22, 25). Shishak's campaign took place in the fifth year of Rehoboam's reign (918/7 B.C.E.) and is recorded in I Kings 14:25–28, II Chronicles 12:2–12, and in a relief at Karnak listing the 165 conquered cities. The motive for the campaign may have been ingratitude on the part of jeroboam , who earlier had found protection at Shishak's court (I Kings 11:40). Rehoboam was distracted by a task force dispatched to the Negev that penetrated as far as Edom, and he was made to pay a ransom from the Temple treasury; Jerusalem and Judah remained untouched. His southern fortifications (II Chron. 11:5–12) may have been erected on this occasion. Shishak's main energies were directed against the north. He made a circuit of the area, bringing destruction on Gezer, Gibeon, cities in the Jordan valley, Shechem, Megiddo (where part of a stele bearing his name was found), and cities in the region of the Yarkon. Due to the destruction of Shechem, Jeroboam's residence was temporarily removed to Penuel (I Kings 12:25), which then also fell at the hands of Shishak's troops (it is not mentioned again in biblical sources). (Irene Grumach) -In the Aggadah Shishak's real name was Zevuv ("fly"), but he was so called because he longed (from the root Ḥa-SHa-K; "to desire") for the death of Solomon, whom he feared to attack (SOR 20). The treasures which he plundered from Jerusalem (cf. I Kings 14:25ff.) were those which the children of Israel had taken from Egypt at the time of the Exodus (Ex. 12:36; Pes. 119a). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.F. Albright, in: BASOR, 130 (1953), 4–11; B. Mazar, in: VTS, 4 (1957), 57–66; J. Gray, I and II Kings. A Commentary (1963), 114–6, 265, 313; G.E. Wright, Shechem (1965), 145. IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, index; I. Ḥasida, Ishei ha-Tanakh (1964), 398.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Shishak I — =Sheshonk I., king of Egypt. His reign was one of great national success, and a record of his wars and conquests adorns the portico of what are called the Bubastite kings at Karnak, the ancient Thebes. Among these conquests is a record of that … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Shishak — see Jews, Shoshenk I. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
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2 Chronicles 12 — 1 And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him. 2 And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up… … The King James version of the Bible